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As of September 22, 2014, the NIDDK Clearinghouses Publication Catalog and Image Library sites will be unavailable until further notice.
Although you will not be able to order publications, you can view, download, and print them by using the links below.
For urgent matters, please send an email to catalog@niddk.nih.gov.

Kidney and Urologic Diseases Patient Education Fact Sheets

These fact sheets present cause, symptoms, prevalence, diagnosis, and complications and are generally written at a 9th- to 12th-grade reading level.

Acquired Cystic Kidney Disease publication thumbnail image

Acquired Cystic Kidney Disease
Explains the causes of acquired cystic kidney disease (ACKD), a common condition in people with kidney failure who are treated with dialysis. Details the differences between ACKD and polycystic kidney disease, an inherited condition. Describes diagnostic procedures and treatment options.
PDF Version (224 KB) *

Amyloidosis and Kidney Disease publication thumbnail image

Amyloidosis and Kidney Disease
Describes primary amyloidosis and dialysis-related amyloidosis, diseases that affect the kidneys.
PDF Version (1,464 KB) *

Anemia in Chronic Kidney Disease publication thumbnail image

Anemia in Chronic Kidney Disease
Explains the kidneys’ role in making red blood cells and how kidney disease can lead to anemia. Discusses the diagnosis and treatment of anemia in kidney disease.
PDF Version (702 KB) *

Childhood Nephrotic Syndrome publication thumbnail image

Childhood Nephrotic Syndrome
Describes the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of nephrotic syndrome in children for parents and caregivers.
PDF Version (646 KB) *

Chronic Kidney Disease-Mineral and Bone Disorder publication thumbnail image

Chronic Kidney Disease-Mineral and Bone Disorder
Explains how working kidneys contribute to healthy bones and why kidney disease can lead to bone problems. Covers the diagnosis and treatment of chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD), a complication that affects 90 percent of people on dialysis.
PDF Version (278 KB) *

Cystocele publication thumbnail image

Cystocele
Defines cystocele, explains the causes, and describes symptoms, diagnosis, and treatments.
PDF Version (530 KB) *

Cystoscopy and Ureteroscopy publication thumbnail image

Cystoscopy and Ureteroscopy
Outlines possible reasons for cystoscopy and ureteroscopy and explains the preparation involved. Describes the procedures in detail, as well as what patients can expect afterward.
PDF Version (204 KB) *

Diabetes Insipidus publication thumbnail image

Diabetes Insipidus (DI)
Defines diabetes insipidus and reviews the mechanics of normal fluid regulation. Discusses the different forms of the condition and the tests used to diagnose it. Lists organizations that can provide additional information.
PDF Version (139 KB) *

Diet for Kidney Stone Prevention publication thumbnail image

Diet for Kidney Stone Prevention
Explains how diet and other factors affect the formation of different types of kidney stones. Provides general dietary guidelines for preventing the different types of kidney stones.
PDF Version (365 KB) *

Ectopic Kidney publication thumbnail image

Ectopic Kidney
Explains the causes and complications of ectopic kidney, a birth defect in which a kidney is located in an abnormal position. Describes the diagnostic procedures and treatment options for the condition.
PDF Version (504 KB) *

Erectile Dysfunction publication thumbnail image

Erectile Dysfunction (ED)
Describes the physiology of erection and the causes, diagnosis, and treatment of erectile dysfunction. Includes illustrations.
PDF Version (187 KB) *

Disfunción eréctile publication thumbnail image

En Español
Disfunción Eréctil
Describe la fisiología de la erección y las causas, el diagnóstico y el tratamiento de la disfunción eréctil, también llamada impotencia. Incluye ilustraciones.
Versión PDF (195 KB) *

Facing the Challenges of Chronic Kidney Disease in Children publication thumbnail image

Facing the Challenges of Chronic Kidney Disease in Children
Describes the psychosocial impact chronic kidney disease can have on children and their families.
PDF Version (323 KB) *

Financial Help for Treatment of Kidney Failure publication thumbnail image

Financial Help for Treatment of Kidney Failure
Briefly describes the Federal Government’s insurance program, which covers much of the cost of dialysis treatments and transplantation expenses.
PDF Version (771 KB) *

Glomerular Diseases publication thumbnail image

Glomerular Diseases
Defines the two major categories of glomerular diseases—glomerulosclerosis and glomerulonephritis—and describes how they interfere with kidney function. Also covers the symptoms; diagnosis; causes, such as autoimmune, infection-related, and idiopathic diseases; and types of renal failure. Includes a glossary of medical terms.
PDF Version (378 KB) *

Goodpasture Syndrome publication thumbnail image

Goodpasture Syndrome
Summarizes the symptoms and treatment for this autoimmune condition.
PDF Version (521 KB) *

Growth Failure in Children with Chronic Kidney Disease publication thumbnail image

Growth Failure in Children with Chronic Kidney Disease
Describes growth failure in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Discusses how CKD affects the child and the available treatment options for parents and caregivers.
PDF Version (1,612 KB) *

Hematuria: Blood in the Urine publication thumbnail image

Hematuria: Blood in the Urine
Discusses the conditions that may lead to blood in the urine. Lists diagnostic tests that may be required to find the cause of hematuria.
PDF Version (149 KB) *

Hemodialysis Dose and Adequacy publication thumbnail image

Hemodialysis Dose and Adequacy
Explains the formulas used to determine whether a hemodialysis dose is adequate.
PDF Version (315 KB) *

Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome in children publication thumbnail image

Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome in Children (HUS)
Describes the cause, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of hemolytic uremic syndrome in children for parents and caregivers.
PDF Version (585 KB) *

Henoch-Schönlein Purpura publication thumbnail image

Henoch-Schönlein Purpura
Describes the signs and symptoms of Henoch-Schönlein purpura, an autoimmune disease that affects mostly children between the ages of 2 and 11. Explains possible long-term consequences, including kidney disease.
PDF Version (149 KB) *

High Blood Pressure and Kidney Disease publication thumbnail image

High Blood Pressure and Kidney Disease
Reviews the basics of high blood pressure and the effect it has on the kidneys. Discusses the signs and symptoms of kidney disease and ways to prevent it.
PDF Version (700 KB) *

La presión arterial alta y la insuficiencia renal publication thumbnail image

En Español
La presión arterial alta y la insuficiencia renal
Una revisión de los fundamentos de la presión arterial alta y el efecto que tiene en los riñones. Habla sobre los signos de daño a los riñones y las maneras de prevenirlo. Incluye información sobre las poblaciones de alto riesgo y las medicinas que pueden ayudar.
Versión PDF (132 KB) *

Home Hemodialysis (HD) publication thumbnail image

Home Hemodialysis (HD)
Discusses the differences between hemodialysis in a clinic and hemodialysis in the home. Explains the advantages of home hemodialysis and lists a few barriers that might prevent some people from taking hemodialysis in their home. Describes research involving more frequent hemodialysis.
PDF Version (541 KB) *

IgA Nephropathy publication thumbnail image

IgA Nephropathy
Defines IgA nephropathy, an autoimmune disease that affects the kidneys. Discusses the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.
PDF Version (108 KB) *

Imaging of the Urinary Tract publication thumbnail image

Imaging of the Urinary Tract
Explains the range of imaging technologies used to evaluate the urinary tract, including ultrasound, conventional radiology, magnetic resonance imaging, and computerized tomography. Instructs patients how to prepare for and what to expect during an exam.
PDF Version (556 KB) *

Interstitial Cystitis/Painful Bladder Syndrome publication thumbnail image

Interstitial Cystitis/Painful Bladder Syndrome
Describes the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of interstitial cystitis (IC). Defines the two types of IC, ulcerative and nonulcerative. Provides information about special concerns for patients and current research.
PDF Version (533 KB) *

Kidney Biopsy publication thumbnail image

Kidney Biopsy
Describes this procedure and possible reasons for having it. Outlines how to prepare for a kidney biopsy and what patients can expect during and after the test.
PDF Version (255 KB) *

La enfermedad renal en personas con diabetes publication thumbnail image

En Español
La enfermedad renal en personas con diabetes
Explica la enfermedad renal, incluidas las causas y su progresión a la insuficiencia renal. Resalta los hallazgos del ensayo sobre el control y las complicaciones de la diabetes en relación con la enfermedad renal.
Versión PDF (200 KB) *

Kidney and Urologic Diseases Statistics for the United States publication thumbnail image

Kidney Disease Statistics for the United States
Summary fact sheet of statistics for kidney diseases.
PDF Version (277 KB) *

Kidney Dysplasia publication thumbnail image

Kidney Dysplasia
Explains the causes of kidney dysplasia, also called multicystic dysplastic kidney, a condition that appears in a child during fetal development. Discusses genetic syndromes that may include kidney dysplasia. Describes treatment options and possible long-term consequences.
PDF Version (234 KB) *

Kidney Failure: What to Expect publication thumbnail image

Kidney Failure: What to Expect
Describes the complications of kidney failure and its treatment for patients who have just started dialysis. Discusses the symptoms of and remedies for anemia, loss of appetite, nausea, pruritus, sleep disorders, and depression.
PDF Version (553 KB) *

Insuficiencia renal: qué debe esperar publication thumbnail image

En Español
Insuficiencia renal: Qué debe esperar
Describe las complicaciones de la insuficiencia renal y su tratamiento para los pacientes que acaban de comenzar la diálisis. Discute los síntomas y los remedios para la anemia, pérdida de apetito, náuseas, prurito, trastornos del sueño y depresión.
Versión PDF (251 KB) *

The Kidneys and How They Work  publication thumbnail image

The Kidneys and How They Work
Explains what kidneys do and why they are important to maintain life. Describes the internal anatomy of the kidney.
PDF Version (343 KB) *

Los riñones y cómo funcionan publication thumbnail image

En Español
Los riñones y cómo funcionan
Introduce los conceptos básicos de la función renal y describe varios tipos de enfermedades renales. Examina las pruebas de diagnóstico usadas para determinar la función renal y describe las opciones de tratamiento para pacientes con insuficiencia renal.
Versión PDF (722 KB) *

Kidney Stones in Adults publication thumbnail image

Kidney Stones in Adults
Discusses the causes, symptoms, and diagnosis of kidney stones. Reviews prevention strategies and treatment options, as well as information on current research.
PDF Version (288 KB) *

Lupus Nephritis publication thumbnail image

Lupus Nephritis
Introduces systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), an autoimmune condition. Describes the symptoms of kidney problems caused by SLE.
PDF Version (288 KB) *

Medical Tests for Prostate Problems publication thumbnail image

Medical Tests for Prostate Problems
Reviews different prostate problems and lists key points to discuss with a doctor or nurse. Explains commonly performed tests, including a digital rectal exam and a prostate-specific antigen blood test. Also reviews additional tests that may be necessary.
PDF Version (615 KB) *

Medullary Sponge Kidney publication thumbnail image

Medullary Sponge Kidney
Reviews different prostate problems and lists key points to discuss with a doctor or nurse. Explains commonly performed tests, including a digital rectal exam and a prostate-specific antigen blood test. Also reviews additional tests that may be necessary.
PDF Version (218 KB) *

Nephrotic Syndrome in Adults publication thumbnail image

Nephrotic Syndrome in Adults
Discusses the causes, symptoms, and treatment for nephrotic syndrome in adults.
PDF Version (439 KB) *

Nerve Disease and Bladder Control publication thumbnail image

Nerve Disease and Bladder Control
Explains overactive bladder, poor control of sphincter muscles, and urine retention and discusses the symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatment of neurogenic bladder.
PDF Version (150 KB) *

Nutrition for Advanced Chronic Kidney Disease in Adults publication thumbnail image

Nutrition for Advanced Chronic Kidney Disease in Adults
Explains how the right diet choices can protect kidney function in the late stages of kidney failure. Discusses ways to moderate protein intake.
PDF Version (331 KB) *

Nutrition for Chronic Kidney Disease in Children publication thumbnail image

Nutrition for Chronic Kidney Disease in Children
Explains how kidney disease can affect nutrition needs in children. Provides guidance about nutrient content of foods, including calories, protein, phosphorus, sodium, and potassium.
PDF Version (487 KB) *

Nutrition for Early Chronic Kidney Disease in Adults publication thumbnail image

Nutrition for Early Chronic Kidney Disease in Adults
Discusses dietary guidelines for controlling elevated blood glucose and hypertension, the two leading causes of chronic kidney disease and end-stage renal disease.
PDF Version (306 KB) *

Overview of Kidney Disease in Children publication thumbnail image

Overview of Kidney Disease in Children
Describes the causes, diagnosis, and treatment of acute and chronic kidney disease and kidney failure in children.
PDF Version (912 KB) *

Perineal Injury in Males publication thumbnail image

Perineal Injury in Males
Describes the anatomy of the male perineum and discusses ways in which the perineum may be injured. Explains treatments for perineal injuries.
PDF Version (625 KB) *

Peritoneal Dialysis Dose and Adequacy publication thumbnail image

Peritoneal Dialysis Dose and Adequacy
Explains the importance of performing all dialysis exchanges. Describes the procedures used to measure how well treatments are working.
PDF Version (270 KB) *

Peyronie’s Disease publication thumbnail image

Peyronie’s Disease
Describes Peyronie’s disease, in which scarring of the penis leads to its bending during erection. Explains causes, symptoms, complications, diagnosis, and treatment.
PDF Version (398 KB) *

Polycystic Kidney Disease publication thumbnail image

Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD)
Defines three types of polycystic kidney disease and describes their genetic origins, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment, as well as ongoing research.
PDF Version (392 KB) *

Prostate Enlargement: Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia publication thumbnail image

Prostate Enlargement: Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
Provides basic information about the prostate gland and prostate enlargement. Describes the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.
PDF Version (501 KB) *

Prostatitis: Inflammation of the Prostate publication thumbnail image

Prostatitis: Inflammation of the Prostate
Defines prostatitis. Describes the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatments for chronic prostatitis/pelvic pain syndrome and acute and chronic bacterial prostatitis.
PDF Version (389 KB) *

Proteinuria publication thumbnail image

Proteinuria
Defines proteinuria and discusses who is at risk. Reviews the signs of proteinuria and provides information about testing procedures and treatment options.
PDF Version (487 KB) *

Renal Artery Stenosis publication thumbnail image

Renal Artery Stenosis
Explains the causes and complications of renal artery stenosis, a narrowing of one or both of the arteries that supply blood to the kidneys. Describes treatment options, including lifestyle changes, medications, and surgery.
PDF Version (499 KB) *

Renal Tubular Acidosis (RTA) publication thumbnail image

Renal Tubular Acidosis (RTA)
Explains the different types of renal tubular acidosis. Outlines diagnostic criteria and treatment options, as well as current research efforts.
PDF Version (115 KB) *

Sexual and Urologic Problems of Diabetes publication thumbnail image

Sexual and Urologic Problems of Diabetes
Describes the sexual and urologic problems that men and women with diabetes may experience. Provides information about the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment. Includes suggestions for additional resources.
PDF Version (237 KB) *

Solitary Kidney publication thumbnail image

Solitary Kidney
Explains normal kidney function and the possible causes of solitary kidney. Details the possible effects of solitary kidney and discusses ways to protect remaining kidney function.
PDF Version (388 KB) *

Treatment Methods for Kidney Failure in Children publication thumbnail image

Treatment Methods for Kidney Failure in Children
Describes the treatment options for children with kidney failure, including transplantation, peritoneal dialysis, and hemodialysis.
PDF Version (1,335 KB) *

Urinary Diversion publication thumbnail image

Urinary Diversion
Defines urinary diversion. Describes temporary diversions—nephrostomy and urinary catheterization—and permanent diversions—urostomy and continent urinary diversion.
PDF Version (1,067 KB) *

Urinary Incontinence in Children publication thumbnail image

Urinary Incontinence in Children
Discusses the causes of nighttime and daytime incontinence in children, describes medical and behavioral treatments, and lists resources for additional information.
PDF Version (295 KB) *

Urinary Incontinence in Men publication thumbnail image

Urinary Incontinence in Men
Explains how nerve problems, prostate enlargement, and treatments for prostate cancer can all create continence issues for men. Discusses the causes of urinary incontinence in men and its diagnosis and treatment.
PDF Version (310 KB) *

Urinary Incontinence in Women publication thumbnail image

Urinary Incontinence in Women
Discusses the anatomy of the female urinary system, defines the major types of incontinence in women, describes treatment, and lists resources for additional information.
PDF Version (407 KB) *

Urinary Retention publication thumbnail image

Urinary Retention
Explains acute urinary retention and chronic urinary retention and lists possible causes and symptoms. Describes diagnosis, treatment options, and complications.
PDF Version (425 KB) *

The Urinary Tract and How It Works  publication thumbnail image

The Urinary Tract and How It Works
Details the anatomy and function of the urinary tract, explains the importance of the urinary tract, and describes what affect the amount of urine a person produces.
PDF Version (329 KB) *

El aparato urinario y cómo funciona publication thumbnail image

En Español
El aparato urinario y cómo funciona
Esta es la versión en español de 'The Urinary Tract and How It Works .' Detalla la anatomía del aparato urinario, explica las pruebas de diagnóstico para los problemas de vaciamiento y otras afecciones, y explica las enfermedades principales que afectan el aparato urinario.
Versión PDF (163 KB) *

Urinary Tract Infections in Adults publication thumbnail image

Urinary Tract Infections in Adults
Describes the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of urinary tract infections.
PDF Version (262 KB) *

Urinary Tract Infections in Children publication thumbnail image

Urinary Tract Infections in Children
Describes the signs and symptoms of urinary tract infections in children, explains diagnostic procedures and treatment, and emphasizes the importance of evaluation to prevent permanent damage to a child’s kidneys or urinary system.
PDF Version (327 KB) *

Urine Blockage in Newborns publication thumbnail image

Urine Blockage in Newborns
Details the anatomy of the urinary tract and describes birth defects that can block the normal flow of urine. Explains diagnostic procedures and treatment of urine blockage in newborns.
PDF Version (400 KB) *

Urodynamic Testing publication thumbnail image

Urodynamic Testing
Describes normal bladder function, as well as problems in the urinary system that may require urodynamic testing. Discusses different urodynamic procedures and why they are used.
PDF Version (356 KB) *

Vascular Access for Hemodialysis publication thumbnail image

Vascular Access for Hemodialysis
Defines vascular access and reviews three access options. Describes what to expect during hemodialysis and lists ways to protect the access site.
PDF Version (519 KB) *

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Page last updated September 24, 2014


 

The National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse is a service of the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health.

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Internet: www.kidney.niddk.nih.gov

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