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The Urologic Diseases Dictionary

Some terms listed have many meanings; only those meanings that relate to urologic diseases are included. Words that appear in bold italic are listed elsewhere in the dictionary.

Information in this dictionary is not a substitute for a visit to your doctor. Talk with a health professional if you have a urologic problem.

The U.S. Government does not endorse or favor any specific commercial product or company. Trade, proprietary, or company names appearing in this document are used only because they are considered necessary in the context of the information provided. If a product is not mentioned, the omission does not mean or imply that the product is unsatisfactory.


Index

A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L
M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X Y  Z

Pronunciation Guide

This pronunciation guide uses letters and letter combinations, rather than phonetic symbols, to stand for the various sounds in the English language.

Vowels

a cat, bat
ah father
air pear, hair
ar park
ay say, came, weigh
aw saw, bought
e bet, set
eh (used at the end of a syllable or when standing alone)
examples:
meadow (MEH-doh)
enemy (EH-nuh-mee)
but
diet (DY-et)
ee feet, neat
i sit, igloo
ih (used at the end of a syllable or when standing alone)
examples:
chicken (CHIH-ken)
miracle (MIHR-ih-kuhl)
but
picnic (PIK-nik)
ihr near, here
y fire, idol
eye (used at the beginning of a syllable or when standing alone)
examples: iron (EYE-urn)
chloride (KLOR-eyed)
but
silent (SY-luhnt)
o hot, cot
oh coat, home
oo food, rude
or tore, soar, for
oy soil, boy
ou now, couch
u put, foot
uh about, sum, china
ur hurt, alert
yoo use
yoor cure

Consonants

b bat, job
ch chop, itch
d dig, bed
f fur, tough, calf
g grape, big
h happy
j joke, nudge
k kite, car, tack
l lip, sell
m move, jam
n not, knee
ng ring
p play, hop
r rain, fur
s set, tips
ss bus, guess, fence
sh shy, fish
t toy, boat
th breath
v vine, have
w walk, where
y yes
z zip, jazz, has
zh measure

Acknowledgments

Publications produced by the Clearinghouse are carefully reviewed by both NIDDK scientists and outside experts. This publication was reviewed by Christine Bradway, Ph.D., C.R.N.P., University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, and Jane Hokanson Hawks, Ph.D., R.N., B.C., Nebraska Methodist College.


National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse

3 Information Way
Bethesda, MD 20892–3580
Phone: 1–800–891–5390
TTY: 1–866–569–1162
Fax: 703–738–4929
Email: nkudic@info.niddk.nih.gov
Internet: www.urologic.niddk.nih.gov

The National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NKUDIC) is a service of the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK). The NIDDK is part of the National Institutes of Health of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Established in 1987, the Clearinghouse provides information about diseases of the kidneys and urologic system to people with kidney and urologic disorders and to their families, health care professionals, and the public. The NKUDIC answers inquiries, develops and distributes publications, and works closely with professional and patient organizations and Government agencies to coordinate resources about kidney and urologic diseases.

This publication is not copyrighted. The Clearinghouse encourages users of this publication to duplicate and distribute as many copies as desired.

This publication may contain information about medications. When prepared, this publication included the most current information available. For updates or for questions about any medications, contact the U.S. Food and Drug Administration toll-free at 1–888–INFO–FDA (1–888–463–6332) or visit www.fda.gov. Consult your health care provider for more information.


NIH Publication No. 10–4376
May 2010

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Page last updated September 9, 2010


 

The National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse is a service of the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health.

National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse
3 Information Way
Bethesda, MD 20892–3580
Phone: 1–800–891–5390
TTY: 1–866–569–1162
Fax: 703–738–4929
Email: nkudic@info.niddk.nih.gov
Internet: www.kidney.niddk.nih.gov

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